This is a screening test to detect various substances in the urine that chemically react with an indicator metallic dye called cupric sulfate. The most common reducing substances examined include glucose or galactose.
Endocrine glands produce and secrete hormones into the blood or lymph systems. These glands include the thyroid, parathyroid, , pineal, pituitary, adrenal, islands of Langerhans in the pancreas, and the gonads ( and ovaries). The effects of these hormones may affect one organ or tissue, or the entire body.
Diabetes risk factors
Diabetes is a life-long disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. It can be caused by too little insulin (a hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar), resistance to insulin, or both.
Gestational diabetes is a intolerance of variable severity that starts or is first recognized during pregnancy.
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is a disorder characterized by the passage of large volumes of urine due to a defect of the kidney tubules. See also .
Congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is a water losing condition caused by the kidneys that is present from birth. See .
A condition marked by extreme and excessive urine output caused by a deficiency of a hormone () that normally would limit the amount of urine made. See also .
Lipid disorders are when you have excess fatty substances in your blood. These substances include cholesterol, triglycerides, and lipoproteins. Lipid disorders are an important risk factor in developing and .
Familial hypertriglyceridemia is a common inherited disorder in which the concentration of very low density lipoprotein () is elevated in the plasma. This leads to increased risk of heart disease, obesity, and pancreatitis.
An insulinoma is a usually of the insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas.
Diabetes insipidus is caused by the inability of the kidneys to conserve water, which leads to frequent urination and pronounced thirst.
Type 2 diabetes
Hypoglycemia is when the levels of a sugar called glucose are too low in the blood. This can be caused by the medication used to treat diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease that occurs when the pancreas produces too little insulin to regulate blood sugar levels appropriately.