Over 20 million Americans have diabetes and almost one-third are not aware that they have it. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to heart disease, kidney failure, leg infections, and other serious health problems. In fact, diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in the United States.
By following the steps below and working with your healthcare team, you can prevent or control diabetes and even reduce your risk of long-term complications.
- I. Understanding Your Diabetes
- Step 1: What is diabetes?
- Step 2: Who gets type 2 diabetes?
- Step 3: How do you know if you have diabetes?
- II. Managing Your Diabetes
- Step 4: You're in charge - design a treatment plan
- Step 5: Monitor your blood sugar
- Step 6: Lose weight and follow the right diet
- Step 7: Exercise
- Step 8: Drugs and insulin
- III. Knowing the Consequences of Diabetes
- Step 9: Treat low blood sugar
- Step 10: Avoid long-term complications
Reviewed By: Ari S. Eckman, MD, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Previously reviewed by Elizabeth H. Holt, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Yale University, New Haven, CT. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network (6/17/2008).